Creatinine - The waste product created from the metabolism of creatine phosphate. Also called serum creatinine which is excreted entirely by the kidneys. Urine and blood creatinine levels can be used to help evaluate kidney function.
Creatinine Test - A test that measures creatinine levels in the blood. Increases in creatinine levels in the blood are an indication of a decrease in kidney filtration rate, which is a clear sign of kidney disease/damage. The creatinine test and the BUN test are often used in conjunction with each other to gain an accurate interpretation of kidney disease progress.
Cholesterol - Cholesterol is type of fat produced by the liver. Cholesterol is found in the bloodstream, and used by the body to make hormones and build cell walls. Low levels of HDL cholesterol commonly called �good� cholesterol and high levels of triglycerides are often associated with type 2 diabetes.
Congestive heart failure - Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a condition in which the muscle of the heart fails to pump blood through the body properly. Also commonly known as heart failure.
Dextrose - Another name used for glucose. A sugar found in blood that serves as the body's main source of energy
Diabetes/diabetes mellitus - Characterized by excessively high levels of blood sugar (glucose), diabetes is a disease that affects the body's ability to produce insulin, use insulin or both. There are three types of diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
Diabetic Terms and Definitions G-H
Diabetic Hyperosmolar Syndrome - A condition where blood glucose levels have been allowed to rise above 600 mg/dL (33 mmol/L) and the blood becomes thick and syrupy. A filtering process is triggered when the excess glucose passes from your blood to your urine, drawing extreme amounts of fluid from your body. Life-threatening dehydration can occur if prompt medical attention is not obtained.
Diabetes Insipidus - This condition is caused when the kidneys have an inability to conserve water during the filtering function of removing waste from the blood, which leads to an increase in thirst and urination. Diabetes Insipidus is an uncommon condition that is not related to diabetes mellitus, despite a similarity in name and symptoms.
Diabetic coma - A coma that can occur when blood sugar extremes are not treated. Extremely high and extremely low blood sugar levels can result in a diabetic coma.
Diabetic Eye Disease - See Diabetic Retinopathy, retinopathy
Diabetic Ketoacidosis - Diabetic Ketoacidosis is a very serious condition that is found almost exclusively among type 1 diabetics and occurs when excessively high blood glucose levels, along with a lack of insulin, force the body to break down fat for energy. Diabetic ketoacidosis produces increased levels of toxic acids in the blood called ketones, which if not treated right away can lead to coma or even death.
Diabetic Kidney Disease - See Diabetic Nephropathy.
Diabetic kidney disease. Damage to the cells or blood vessels of the kidneys that prevents them from properly filtering wastes and extra fluid from the bloodstream. Severe damage can lead to kidney failure (end-stage renal disease). Also called diabetic nephropathy.
Diabetic Nephropathy - Kidney disease that occurs as a result of diabetes. Damage to the kidneys that occurs as a result of diabetes. Damaged blood vessels and tissues of the kidneys that results in decreased kidney function of filtering wastes and excess fluids from the bloodstream that can lead to kidney failure. More here
Diabetic Neuropathy - Nerve damage that results from the effects of diabetes that can affect nerves throughout the body. More here
Diabetic Nerve Damage - See Diabetic Neuropathy
Diabetic Retinopathy - Damage to the eyes a a result of the effects of diabetes that can lead to impaired vision or blindness. More here