Diabetic Terms And Definitions P-R




Diabetic Terms And Definitions P-R

P

Pancreas - The organ located behind the lower part of the stomach that produces insulin and enzymes for digestion.

Pancreas transplantation - A surgical procedure that takes a whole healthy pancreas or a partial pancreas from a donor, which is then placed into a person with diabetes.

Peripheral vascular disease - Peripheral vascular disease is a disease of the arteries and large blood vessels in the arms, legs, and feet.

Postprandial blood glucose - The blood sugar level tested 1 to 2 hours after eating.

Pre-diabetes - This is a condition where blood sugar levels are higher than normal but are not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes. Also called Impaired glucose tolerance and Impaired fasting glucose.

Preprandial blood glucose - The blood sugar level tested 1 to 2 hours before eating.

Proteinuria - The presence of the blood protein albumin in the urine, which indicates that damage has occured to the kidneys. Also see Macroalbuminuria.


R

Reactive Hypoglycemia - Refers to an episode of symptomatic hypoglycemia caused by an excessive insulin release, triggered by a high carbohydrate meal that continues beyond the digestion and disposal of the glucose derived from the meal.

Renal - A medical term used in relation to the kidneys. Relating to the kidneys.

Retinopathy - See Diabetic retinopathy.