Diabetic Terms And Definitions S-U




Diabetic Terms And Definitions S-U

S

Saccharin - An artificial sweetener with no calories and no nutritional value

Secondary diabetes - A lesser know type of diabetes that can be caused by another disease or certain drugs or chemicals.

Stevia - Stevia is an all natural sweetener up to 300 times sweeter than sugar, but has a negligible effect on blood sugar levels, making it a very attractive alternative to sugar and artificial sweeteners. A sweetener made from the extract of the Stevia rebaudiana plant that is available in both powder and liquid form that can be found in most grocery stores. More here

Sucralose - A sweetener made from sugar but with no calories and no nutritional value.

Sucrose - Also called table sugar, found naturally in sugar cane and in beets.


T

Type 1 Diabetes - The most severe form of diabetes that results from an autoimmune response in which the body's immune system attacks the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas and destroys them, leaving the body unable to produce insulin. Type 1 diabetes develops most often in young people but can appear in adults. Type 1 diabetics are completely dependent on daily injections of insulin just to stay alive.

Type 2 Diabetes - A form of diabetes that results from the body's inability to use insulin efficiently, produce enough insulin or both. Type 2 diabetes develops most often in middle-aged and older adults most commonly as the result of a sedentary lifestyle and poor diet, but can appear in young people.


U

Ulcer - A deep infected open sore or break in the skin.

Urea - The nitrogen-containing waste product created during the metabolism of protein that is found in the urine. Concentration of urea in the blood can be used to measure of kidney function.