What is Type 2 Diabetes

What is Type 2 Diabetes

What is Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus 2, formerly known as "Adult Onset Diabetes" or "Non Insulin Dependant Diabetes", is now commonly referred to as type 2 diabetes and occurs when the cells of your body (liver, muscle, and fat cells) have become resistant to insulin, the pancreas is not producing enough insulin, or both. If the pancreas is failing to produce enough insulin, or the cells of the body have become resistant to the actions of insulin, hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) will be the inevitable result. Type 2 diabetes commonly develops around the age of 40 to 45 years of age, with the risk of developing it increasing as a person grows older.

Important type 2 diabetes information you should know is that although it is most commonly found in adults, it can occur at any age, and in recent years an alarming number of children and teenagers are being diagnosed, mostly due to inactivity and obesity. In the U.S. approximately 90 to 95 percent of all cases of diabetes are Type 2, making it the most common form of diabetes in the country.

What causes Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is different from type 1 diabetes, in the fact that a persons lifestyle and age is largely the cause, whereas type 1 is mainly a matter of genetics. Information on diabetes gives us many factors which can come into play when a person develops type 2 diabetes, these can include some or all of the following: •  Poor nutrition
•  Over eating/excessive carbohydrate intake
•  Smoking
•  Lack of physical activity/exercise
•  Obesity/increased body-mass index
•  Decreased insulin production
•  The cells of the body are not using insulin properly (Insulin resistance)
* Which occurs in over ninety percent of type 2 diabetics
•  Age

Symptoms of diabetes

Some of the more common symptoms of type 2 diabetes are:

•  Feeling fatigued/tired most of the time
•  Feelings of extreme thirst
•  Urinating Frequently ( especially at night )
•  Feeling extremely hungry, despite eating at regular intervals
•  Unexplained weight loss
•  Vision is blurred
•  Tingling and numbness in the feet
•  Infections or wounds that do not heal